导演：谢贻卉 Xie, Yihui
时长：104分钟 104 mins
字幕：中英文 Chinese and English
Title: Juvenile Laborers Confined in Dabao
Director: XIE Yihui
Length: 104 minutes
Subtitles: Chinese and English
Date completed: April 2013
About the film:
After Sichuan Daily reporter Zeng Boyan was labeled a rightist in 1958, he was sent to Shaping Farm in E’bian County, Leshan, Sichuan to be re-educated though labor. It was there that he witnessed several hundred other teens wander about the virgin forests before the farm, performing heavy labor as he did. He was completely shocked. Before long, these children and others who had been taken in from around Sichuan were sent to Dabao Operation Zone, a section of Shaping Farm, to commence their work-study re-education career. Then, these children were hit with the brutal impact of the great famine sweeping across China.
In this documentary, Zeng Boyan, now grey with age, gives a clear recount of this period in history. He takes great effort to find fellow survivors from Dabao in the Sichuan and Chongqing area, transporting audiences to Dabao through lively interviews with the juvenile inmates, rightists, doctors, researchers, and villagers that are sure to touch their hearts. In the early stages of editing the film, Sun Yat-sen University professor, filmmaker, and activist Ai Xiaoming wrote in a review, “With this film, [Xie Yihui] has surpassed the milestone independent historical documentary, Searching For Lin Zhao’s Soul” (Ai Xiaoming, “Survivor Testimony of Former Chinese Re-education-Through-Labor Juvenile Inmates: On Xie Yihui’s Documentary Juvenile Laborers Confined in Dabao” [中国少年劳教犯幸存者的证词：致谢贻卉谈她的纪录片《大堡小劳教》], March 29, 2013, http://aixiaomingstudio.blogspot.hk/2013/03/70-1957-107-60mpeg-1960-19611962.html. An English translation of Ai’s review is available from Human Rights in China at http://www.hrichina.org/content/6635.)
About the director:
Xie Yihui(谢贻卉) (given name Xie Linrong [谢林蓉]): Born in Chengdu, Sichuan in 1967, Xie for a long period worked in human resources, and has been unemployed for a brief period as well. Xie became acquainted with documentary filmmaking when she assisted Ai Xiaoming in making a film following the Sichuan Earthquake in May 2008. In 2009, Xie and Tan Zuoren conducted an investigation into the names of the children who had died in the earthquake. In 2010, Xie borrowed filmmaking equipment from her friends to shoot her own documentaries. She finished her film, Starvation Report on Rightist Li Shengzhao (右派李盛照的饥饿报告). In 2013, Xie completed Juvenile Laborers Confined in Dabao (大堡小劳教). Her films are themed predominately around modern Chinese history, particularly that in and around Sichuan.
Title: Above the Ghosts’ Heads: The Women of Masanjia Labor Camp
Director: DU Bin
Length: 60 minutes
Subtitles: Chinese and English
Date completed: April 2013
Words from the director:
How does China’s re-education-through-labor system “reform” its detainees? In this film, petitioner Liu Hua provides an insight through her personal experience. A 51-year-old farmer from Shenyang, Liaoning, Liu Hua fell victim to retaliation after she and her husband Yue Yongjin exposed the embezzlement of a large portion of collectively owned funds by their local village Party secretary and other senior officials. Liu Hua was charged with “endangering state security”, “going against the Party”, and “working against socialism”, and subsequently served three years in Masanjia Women’s Labor Camp in Shenyang, Liaoning.
Masanjia Women’s Labor Camp was founded in October 1999. Since then it has received praise from the Central Committee of the CPC, the Ministries of Public Security and Justice, and judicial authorities at all levels for its “glorious victories” in compelling petitioners to abandon their quests for justice and Falun Gong practitioners to renounce their faith. Masanjia has been promoted as a model and example of best practice for other labor camps across China. It has declared that the police officers working in Masanjia have always acted in accordance with the law when “reforming” inmates and “turning them into people useful to their country”, and that inmates have never been abused in their facilities.
Yet Liu Hua rips apart Masanjia with her eyewitness recount, giving insight into its atrocities. Despite only having had five years of schooling, Liu managed to secretly record the slavery, abuse, and torture that female inmates suffered in Masanjia. Liu worked daily to commit her writings to memory, eating each page once she had memorized it, for pencils, paper, and writing were all strictly forbidden inside the camp. The brutality inflicted upon the Masanjia inmates was by no means an isolated case, but echoed by hundreds of labor camps across the country.
Three months after her release, Liu Hua took a huge risk to recount the barbaric scenes inside Masanjia: female inmates overworked to produce garments for Western companies and the Chinese armed forces, left with no time to eat except during their toilet breaks. Women in their twenties to forties who ceased to menstruate for up to ten months, their bodies’ natural cycles destroyed. Petitioners and Falungong practitioners, who defended their rights and challenged their persecution, tortured by policewomen. Women were put through solitary confinement, stretching, hanging, being forced to sit in the “tiger bench” position, force-feeding by vaginal specula. Women tied to a “death bed”, where they were stripped and forced to lie as if dead for months without being permitted showers or even to brush their teeth, yet infected with vaginitis; they would sleep and awaken, never leaving the bed; defecating and urinating, never leaving the bed. Women were hit with electric batons on breasts and genitals, and electric batons and chili powder were inserted into their vaginas.
- Liu Hua’s recount and the testimonies of numerous women detainees lay bare the evils of China’s re-education-through-labor camps. As Liu states, “In this world, China’s reeducation-through-labor system is the most evil system in this world. It’s an insult to humankind… We became slaves and hostages of this evil system.”
About the director:
Du Bin, born on 1 March 1972 in Tancheng County, Shandong, is also nicknamed “Mimi” by friends for his “dreamy” character. In recent years, he has become an advocate for petitioners and other grass-roots groups. A former photojournalist for China Society Periodical and other media, Du Bin works currently as a freelance photographer for the New York Times, and his works are widely published in the New York Times, the International Herald Tribune, Times and Stars. His photograph “Writing Grievances” won the Close-up Photography award in the 14th Human Rights Press Awards (May 2010). Du’s work include Petitioners: Living Fossils Who Survived China’s Rule of Law (Ming Pao, 2007); Shanghai Graveyard (Vine Press, 2010); Toothbrush (White Elephant, 2011); Beijing Ghosts (Boxun, 2010); Chairman Mao’s Purgatory (Mingjing, 2011); Ai God (Suyuan, 2012); Mao Zedong’s Regime of Human Flesh (Mingjing, 2013); Tiananmen Square Massacre (forthcoming); Vaginal Coma (drafted). His micro-documentary series will soon release its first episode “Motherland of Grass-mud Horses”.
Purchase tickets to support the 1 May Online Public Screening of Juvenile Laborers Confined in Dabao and Above the Ghosts’ Heads: The Women of Masanjia Labor Camp
Price: 30 RMB/ticket, ticket availability unlimited
Target: 50,000 RMB
Sale period: 12 April – 1 May 2013
Use of proceeds: All proceeds shall be equally divided and given to the filmmakers for use at their own discretion, to cover the cost of the creation of these films as well as future ventures.
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